"Daal", a 24k gilded Arabic letter, A3

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Part of an elegant series exploring the hidden interpretations behind the beautiful Arabic letters. Intrigued and awe-inspired by the Arabic Alphabet, I feel honoured to share these Illuminated letters with you all. They are gilded using genuine 24k gold, on A3 handmade khaadi paper

The paintings have beautiful deckled edges which add to their traditional charm. Entwined around the letters are Ottoman florals, painted using handmade pigments from India, and high quality watercolour paints.

Painting comes unframed


In the science of the secrets of letters it represents number four and belongs to the element of earth.

According to the Sufis and in the contemplations of the Hurufi it symbolizes the equilibrium of all things created. Because of all this and also because it is the initial letter of the verb daaba fi aaw ‘alaa (to work; to labour; to be committed; to make an effort in something for someone; to work with commitment, to do something with effort; to labour unceasingly; to apply oneself; to dedicate oneself; to be constant; to become accustomed to) in the esoterical world this letter represents the earthly condition of human beings who are forced to labour in the realm of material things, but must also evolve spiritually and strive to behave in the best possible way among a multitude of challenges and temptations.

Shaykh ad-Dabbaagh informs us that the ‘dal’ corresponds to purity, which is a part of the spirit.